Dengue fever, otherwise called break-bone fever, is a mosquito-borne disease that can prompt an extreme flu-like sickness. It is caused by four distinctive viruses and spread by Aides mosquitoes.
Millions of cases of dengue happen worldwide every year. Dengue fever is most prevalent in Southeast Asia and the western Pacific islands; however, the disease has been spreading quickly in Latin America and the Caribbean. It is also known that dengue fever was one of the biggest risk factors in Delhi during the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
Specialists are working on dengue fever vaccines. For the time being, the best prevention is to reduce mosquito habitat in regions where dengue fever is common. As far as the effective treatments are concerned, dengue fever treatment in India is one of the most sought treatments, particularly in monsoon.
Causes of Dengue Fever
Dengue fever is caused by any of the four dengue viruses spread by mosquitoes that live in and near human lodgings. At the point when a mosquito bites a man infected with a dengue infection, the infection enters the mosquito. When the same mosquito bites another person, the infection enters that individual’s body.
After you’ve recovered from dengue fever, you become immune to the virus that contaminated you — the same is not applicable to other three dengue viruses. The danger of developing extreme dengue fever, otherwise called dengue hemorrhagic fever, really increases in case you’re infected a second, third or fourth time.
Treatment of Dengue
Since dengue is caused by a virus, there is no particular medicine or antibiotic to treat it, the main treatment is to treat the symptoms. For typical dengue, the treatment is purely concerned with the alleviation of the symptoms. In such cases, rest and fluid intake for adequate hydration is vital.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms vary depending upon the seriousness of the illness.
1. Mild Dengue Fever
Symptoms can show within 7 days after getting bitten by the mosquito that carries the virus.
● Aching muscles and joints
● Body rash that disappears and reappears
● High fever
● An intense headache
● Pain behind the eyes
● Vomiting and feeling nauseous
Symptoms, for the most part, vanish after a week, and mild dengue rarely includes genuine or deadly complications.
2. Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF)
The side effects of DHF might be mild, yet they worsen within a couple of days. In addition to gentle dengue symptoms, there might be indications of internal bleeding.
A man with dengue hemorrhagic fever may experience:
● Bleeding from the mouth, gums, or nose
● Moist skin
● Damage to lymph and blood vessels
● Internal bleeding, which can lead to black vomit and defecation, or stools
● The lower number of platelets in the blood
● Sensitive stomach
● Small blood spots under the skin
● Feeble heartbeat
Without prompt treatment, DHF can be deadly.
3. Dengue Shock Syndrome
DSS is an extreme type of dengue. It can be fatal.
Aside from symptoms of mild dengue fever, the individual may experience:
● Serious stomach pain
● Sudden hypotension, or a quick drop in blood pressure
● Heavy bleeding
● Regular vomiting
● Blood vessels leaking fluid
Without treatment, this can result in death.
What Can You Do?
● Record any symptoms you’re encountering, including any that may appear to be irrelevant when you booked the appointment.
● Record key individual data. Take a note of your travel history, with dates, states, countries visited and medicines taken while traveling. Bring a record of your immunisations, including pre-travel vaccinations.
● Make a list of your medicinal intake. Incorporate any vitamins or supplements you take frequently.
● Record things to ask your doctor. Setting up a list of inquiries can enable you to benefit as much as possible from your opportunity with your doctor. list your questions from most essential to least important in the case that time runs out.
Here are Some Essential Things to Ask Your Specialist
● What’s the most likely cause of my symptoms?
● What sorts of tests do I require?
● What medicines are available?
● How long will it be before I am feeling better?
● Are there any long-term effects of this illness?
● Do you have any hand-outs or other printed material that I can bring home with me?
● What websites do you recommend?
What to Expect from Your Doctor?
Be prepared to answer the following questions, for example,
● When did your symptoms begin?
● Have your symptoms been continuous or occasional?
● How extreme are your symptoms?
● Does anything appear to make your symptoms better or worse?
● Where have you gone in the previous month?
● Were you bitten by mosquitoes while traveling?
● Have you been in contact recently with someone who was ill?
When to See a Doctor?
If you have recently visited a place where dengue fever is known to happen, and you all of a sudden build up a fever, see your doctor. India’s capital has a long history of battle with mosquitoes. There is a long list of highly skilled doctors for dengue fever treatment in Delhi. Also, it is better to take preventive measures.