What is kidney cancer?
Most cancers are named after the part of the body where the cancer first begins, and kidney cancer is no exception. Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys - two large, bean-shaped organs - one located to the left, and the other to the right of the backbone. Renal is the Latin word for kidney, and kidney cancer may also be referred to as renal cancer.
About 57,760 persons in the US are expected to be diagnosed with kidney and pelvic renal cancers in 2009. The most common type is called renal cell cancer. The information contained on this page refers to renal cell cancer.
How is kidney cancer (renal cell cancer) diagnosed?
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for kidney cancer may include the following:
based on results of other tests and procedures, a biopsy may be needed. A biopsy is a procedure in which a sample of the tumor is removed and sent to the laboratory for examination by a pathologist. Biopsy is the only sure way to diagnose cancer.
Treatment for kidney cancer:
Specific treatment for kidney cancer will be determined by your physician based on: