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Multiple Myeloma Treatment

In this disease, the plasma cells (a type of white platelets) become abnormal and start multiplying rapidly. This makes them meddle with the creation of healthy platelets.

What Causes Multiple Myeloma?

The plasma cells make an abnormal protein that is sent into the blood and urine. In the blood, these proteins are called monoclonal proteins (M proteins) or paraproteins. When they are present in urine, they are called Bence Jones proteins. As these proteins start accumulating, the kidneys may experience difficulty in handling the high concentration. This may cause the kidneys to fail. Multiple myeloma cells also destroy bone, putting these bones at higher risk of fractures.

Apart from the biological changes, doctors have not been able to find any trigger for the occurrence of multiple myeloma.

What are the Signs or Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma?

Medical practitioners check their patients for the following symptoms:

  • Exhaustion: Unusual exhaustion that doesn't go away, even after a healthy eating routine and adequate rest.
  • Weakness: A radically low level of red platelets in the body, which brings about overpowering exhaustion.
  • Bone Pain: Bones thin and debilitate in this condition, bringing about mild or severe bone pain and may cause osteoporosis.
  • Numbness: Vertebrae debilitating may cause numbness in the spine.
  • Kidney issues: Kidneys may damage or fail because of excessive weight on kidneys.
  • Hypercalcemia: High calcium content in the blood due to bone breakdown can prompt fatigue, clogging and kidney issues.
  • Fast weight reduction: Particularly when no lifestyle changes are made.
  • Mental disarray: Body sends irregular signals to brain.
  • Low Immunity: Decreased number of healthy cells that battle diseases.

How is Diagnosis Conducted for Multiple Myeloma?

  • Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan This test provides the doctor with clear, cross-sectional images of internal structures of the body. The size and shape of a tumour, or an abnormality can be detected through this method. The doctor injects the patient with a dye and slides the movable table inside a doughnut-shaped machine.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) An MRI is an imaging test that may be used to diagnose any unusual tissue, growth, and other abnormalities in the body parts. The doctor makes the patient lie on a table, which is then slid into a tunnel-like machine, where magnetic field radio wave pulses scan the patient’s body and create the images. Whether to inject a dye or not is the doctor’s decision.
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) PET uses a small amount of radioactive materials called radiotracers, a unique camera and a PC to help assess throat and its functions. By studying body changes at the cell level, PET may identify the early onset of a disease before it is evident on other imaging tests.
  • X-ray A radiologist can tell if a tumour or abnormality is life-threatening by the manner in which it shows up on the x-ray. X-ray is often performed to check whether disease has spread to other parts of the body.

What Treatment Options are Available for Multiple Myeloma?

  • Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the use of highly concentrated medications to obliterate defective cells. It works by destroying the cells' ability to multiply.
  • Radiation Therapy Radiation treatment is the utilisation of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy cancerous cells. A radiation treatment calendar comprises a particular number of radiation therapies given over a set timeframe.
  • Targeted Therapy Targeted treatment targets the specific genes, proteins, or the environment that adds to the growth and survival of the cancer cells. This kind of therapy hinders the development and spread of growth cells while restricting harm to healthy cells.
  • Stem Cell Transplant In Stem cell transplant — additionally called a bone marrow transplant — blood-forming stem cells are supplanted by injecting new, healthy cells into the circulatory system.

Prognosis

Almost 50% of people with myeloma surpass the established survival rate as described by the doctors.

Usually, myeloma cannot be cured. Be that as it may, various medications may alleviate side effects, put the malignancy into reduction, and extend the patient’s life. If this condition is detected at an earlier stage, it is easier to control the complications.

Results for individuals with different myeloma rely upon various elements, including by and overall health and capacity to manage medications.

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Hospitals

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Indraprastha Apollo

Apollo Hospitals is widely recognized as the pioneer of private healthcare in India, and was the country`s first corporate hospital. The Apollo Hospitals Group,

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Fortis Hospital

Fortis Flt. Lt. RajanDhall Hospital, VasantKunj, New Delhi, is a 200 bed NABH certified multi-speciality tertiary care hospital. Spread over 1,50,000 sq. ft...

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Metro Hospital

With a vision to provide the utmost level of healthcare to the common man, at the most affordable cost,Dr. Purshotam Lal....

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BLK Hospital

Dr. B L Kapur, an eminent Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, set up a Charitable Hospital in 1930 at Lahore. In 1947, he moved to post-partition India...

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Action Cancer Hospital

Action Cancer Hospital, founded by Lala Mange Ram Aggarwal, is the first state-of-the-art cancer care hospital in the heart of West Delhi.

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Denvax Clinics

DENVAX is dendritic cell based cancer immunotherapy.

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Artemis Hospital

Sector 51, Gurgaon 122001 Haryana, India

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Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

Okhla Road, New Delhi - 110 025 (INDIA)

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Max Superspeciality Hospital Saket

Press Enclave Road, Mandir Marg, Saket, New Delhi 110017 India

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Columbia Asia

Block F, GolChakkar, Palam Vihar, Gurgaon, Haryana 122 017

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon

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Medanata The Medicity

CH Baktawar Singh Road, Sector 38, Gurugram, Haryana 122001

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Paras Hospitals Gurgaon

C-1, SushantLok-1, Sector-43, Phase-I, Gurugram, Haryana 122002

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Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital

Vasundhara Enclave, Near New Ashok Nagar Metro Station Delhi - 110096 (India)

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Narayana Multispeciality Hospital

Plot Number 3 & 4, Sadaramangala Industrial Area

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Fortis Malar Hospital

Fortis Malar Hospital 52, First Main Road, Gandhi Nagar, Adyar Adyar Chennai 600 020

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Manipal Hospitals

Manipal Hospitals, 98,Opposite, Leela Palace Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560017

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Apollo Hospital

No. 21, Greams Lane 320, Off. Greams Road, Chennai - 600006

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Gleaneagle Global Health city

439, Cheran Nagar, Perumbakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600100

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Seven Hills Hospital

Marol Maroshi Road, Shivaji Nagar JJC, Marol, Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400059

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kokilaben dhirubhai ambani hospital

Rao Saheb, Achutrao Patwardhan Marg, Four Bunglows, Mudran Press Colony, Andheri West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400053

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Wock Hardt Hospital

Wockhardt Towers BandraKurla Complex, Bandra (East) Mumbai 400051 Maharashtra, India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh

C and D Block, Shalimar Place Site, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110088

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Doctors

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Dr. Aloy J MukherjeeBariatric Surgery, General & Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery

Obesity. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Partha Prateem ChoudhuryInterventional Cardiology

Heart Care Institute. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Vinit SuriNeurology

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Shuvendu Prosad RoyMBBS, MS-Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Gurinder BediMS, DNB, FRCS, FRCS-ortho

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Jamal A. KhanMBBS MD

Cancer. Hospital - Denvax Clinics, Vasant Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Hari GoyalDirector : Medical Oncology Unit II

Medical Oncology & Haematology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Monica BambrooHOD : Dermatology & Cosmetology

Dermatology & Cosmetology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Nidhi RawalPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Manjinder SandhuPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. SK RajanHead of Spine Surgery & Associate Director, Neurosurgery

Spine Decompression Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anish GuptaHead & Neck Surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anjana SatyajitDentistry

Dentures. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Arpit JainSenior Consultant

Internal Fixation of Fractures Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashu Kumar JainSr. Consultant

Anaesthesia & Pain Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashutosh ShuklaSr. Consultant

Internal Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. B.K. SinghSenior Surgeon

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Dheeraj KapoorSr. Consultant

Endocrinology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Hitesh GargConsultant Spine Surgeon, Artemis Health Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. I P S OberoiOrthopaedics

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ila GuptaReproductive Medicine

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Kaushal MadanDigestive and Liver Diseases

Gastroenterology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Lakshmi Kant TripathiNephrology & Kidney Transplant

Nephrology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Paritosh S GuptaGeneral & MI Surgery

General & MI Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajesh K. VermaOrthopaedics

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ramdip RayLiver Transplant & GI Surgery

Organ Transplant. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Aditya GuptaAdditional Director – Neurosurgery

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Renu Raina SehgalSenior Consultant

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subodh Chandra PandeDirector - Radiation Oncology and Co-Director - Cyberknife Centre

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Akhil GovilCardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Himanshu GargHead

Respiratory Critical Care & Sleep medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Geeta Baruah Nath Sr. Consultant

Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. S. V. KotwalMS General Surgery

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Indu Bansal AgarwalSenior Consultant - Radiation Oncology

Radiation Oncology . Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sameer KaushalSr. Consultant

Organ Transplant. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Nitin Goel GoelConsultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sanjay SarupPaediatric Orthopaedics & Spine surgery

Pediatric Orthopedics & spine surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Shalabh AgrawalUrologist

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajiv ChhabraSr. Consultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sonu Balhara AhlawatSenior Consultant

Reproductive Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. T K ThusooSenior Surgeon

General & MI Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Shashidhar TBHead and Neck surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Vikram Barua KaushikAssociate Urologist

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sumit SinghDirector

. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Viresh MahajanDirector - Pediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sumeet AgarwalHead

Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Noaline SinhaSr. Consultant

Nuclear Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Durgatosh PandeyDirector & Senior Consultant

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Biswajyoti HazarikaDirector- Surgical Oncology (Head & Neck)

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subhash Jangid Senior Consultant

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Veena Bhat Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Vipul Nanda Consultant - Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rohit MehtaHead of Department, Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation

Fractures. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Inder Mohan ChughAssociate Director & HOD - Interventional Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Bronchoscopy Procedure. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Manoj KhanalSenior Consultant Neurology

Back and Neck Pain. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Vineeta GoelAssociate Director, Radiation Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Mannu BhatiaConsultant - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Naresh Kumar GoyalAssociate Director & HOD - Cardiology(Clinical & Research)

Cardiology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Naveen BhamriHead of Department & Associate Director Interventional Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Monisha GuptaConsultant - Gynae Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Vineet Govinda GuptaAssociate Consultant - Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Harsh WardhanSenior Consultant - Paediatric Surgery

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Yogesh ChhabraConsultant - Nephrology & Renal Transplantation

Kidney Transplant. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Raju EaswaranSenior Consultant - Orthopaedics & Sports Injury

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Archit PanditConsultant - Surgical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rakesh K. DuaDirector & Head - Neurosurgery(Spine & Brain)

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Nikhil AgnihotriSenior Consultant

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Anil Kumar VarshneyDirector & HOD - Urology

Urology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr.(Col.) Ranga Rao RangarajuDirector - Medical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rudra Prasad AcharyaMS(General surgery), Fellow(Surgical Oncology ft Colorectal Surgery), Sr. Consultant ft Head

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Gaurav DixitConsultant - Medical Oncology, Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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