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About The Treatment

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Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a rare disease that happens in the nasopharynx, which is situated behind your nose or at the back of your throat. This disease is prevalent among people from South-East Asia. This disease is hard to identify an early stage. That is most likely because the nasopharynx isn't anything but difficult to inspect and symptoms of nasopharyngeal carcinoma are similar to other diseases.

Treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma includes radiation treatment, chemotherapy or a mix of the two.

What Causes Nasopharyngeal Cancer?

Cancer is one such disease which has remained a mystery for doctors and scientists across the world. No certain causal factor has been affirmed yet. Environment and lifestyle factors may trigger the genetic abnormality in otherwise healthy cells. Diverse diseases have distinguishing risk factors. Some risk factors, such as tobacco use and drinking, can be changed. Others, like an individual's age or family history, can't be changed. Researchers have discovered a few risk factors that make a person prone to get nasopharyngeal malignancy (NPC). These include:

  • Gender
  • Ethnicity
  • Family history
  • An irregular eating routine
  • Presence of Epstein-Barr infection
  • Exposure to chemicals and radiation
  • Hereditary elements

Smoking, liquor, and some working environment exposures may increase the risk of getting nasopharyngeal cancer.

How is Diagnosis Made for Multiple Myeloma?

  • Physical Exam and History The doctor checks general signs of health, including symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes in the neck or any protrusion from the neck and throat. A history of the patient’s habits and past illnesses and treatments is also taken.
  • Computerised Tomography (CT) Scan This test provides the doctor with clear, cross-sectional images of internal structures of the body. The size and shape of a tumour, or an abnormality can be detected through this method. The doctor injects the patient with a dye and slides the movable table inside a doughnut-shaped machine.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) An MRI is an imaging test that may be used to diagnose any unusual tissue or growth in the throat. It helps in determining the size and location of a tumour or an abnormality in the body. The doctor makes the patient lie on a table, which is then slid into a tunnel-like machine, where magnetic field radio wave pulses scan the patient’s body and create the images. Whether to inject a dye or not is the doctor’s decision.
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET) PET uses a small amount of radioactive materials called radiotracers, a unique camera and a PC to help assess throat and its functions. By studying body changes at the cell level, PET may identify the early onset of a disease before it is evident on other imaging tests.
  • X-ray A radiologist can tell if a tumour or abnormality is harmful by the manner in which it shows up on the x-ray. X-ray is often performed to check whether disease has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy is the scraping of tissue for examination under a microscope. If the specialist speculates that the lung tumour has spread, a biopsy might be done to discover where the disease started, which can enable the specialist to decide the course of treatment. The biopsy is performed by a radiologist who uses particular imaging techniques, for example, CT scans, to manage the needle straightforwardly into the tumour. A pathologist dissects the sample(s) evacuated amid the biopsy.

What Treatment Options are Available for Nasopharyngeal Cancer?

  • Targeted Therapy Targeted treatment targets the specific genes, proteins, or the environment that adds to the growth and survival of the cancer cells. This kind of therapy hinders the development and spread of growth cells while restricting harm to healthy cells.
  • Radiation Therapy Radiation treatment is the utilisation of high-energy x-rays or other particles to destroy tumour cells. A radiation treatment calendar comprises a particular number of radiation therapies given over a set timeframe.
  • Surgery Surgery is sometimes used to remove nasopharyngeal cancer that does not respond to radiation therapy. If cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, the doctor may remove lymph nodes and other tissues in the neck. This procedure is conducted under local or general anaesthesia.
  • Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the use of highly concentrated medications to obliterate cancer cells. It works by destroying the cells' ability to multiply.

Prognosis

The prognosis depends on the following factors:

  • The stage of cancer
  • The type of nasopharyngeal cancer
  • The size of a tumour
  • The patient’s age and general health

Usually, diseases like nasopharyngeal carcinoma cannot be cured. Be that as it may, various medications may alleviate side effects, put the malignancy into reduction, and extend the life of patient. If this condition is detected at an earlier stage, it is easier to control the complications.

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Hospitals

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Indraprastha Apollo

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Denvax Clinics

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Artemis Hospital

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Max Superspeciality Hospital Saket

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Fortis Malar Hospital

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Manipal Hospitals

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Apollo Hospital

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Seven Hills Hospital

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Doctors

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Dr. Jamal A. KhanMBBS MD

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Dr. Nidhi RawalPaediatric Cardiology

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Dr. Manjinder SandhuPaediatric Cardiology

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Dr. Anish GuptaHead & Neck Surgeon

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Dr. Anjana SatyajitDentistry

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Dr. Ashu Kumar JainSr. Consultant

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Dr. Ashutosh ShuklaSr. Consultant

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Dr. B.K. SinghSenior Surgeon

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Dr. Dheeraj KapoorSr. Consultant

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Dr. I P S OberoiOrthopaedics

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Dr. Ila GuptaReproductive Medicine

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Dr. Lakshmi Kant TripathiNephrology & Kidney Transplant

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Dr. Paritosh S GuptaGeneral & MI Surgery

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Dr. Rajesh K. VermaOrthopaedics

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Dr. Subodh Chandra PandeDirector - Radiation Oncology and Co-Director - Cyberknife Centre

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Dr. Himanshu GargHead

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Dr. S. V. KotwalMS General Surgery

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Dr. Indu Bansal AgarwalSenior Consultant - Radiation Oncology

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Dr. Sameer KaushalSr. Consultant

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Dr. Nitin Goel GoelConsultant

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Dr. Shalabh AgrawalUrologist

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Dr. Rajiv ChhabraSr. Consultant

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Dr. Sonu Balhara AhlawatSenior Consultant

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Dr. T K ThusooSenior Surgeon

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Dr. Shashidhar TBHead and Neck surgeon

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Dr. Vikram Barua KaushikAssociate Urologist

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Dr. Sumit SinghDirector

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Dr. Viresh MahajanDirector - Pediatric Cardiology

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Dr. Sumeet AgarwalHead

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Dr. Noaline SinhaSr. Consultant

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Dr. Durgatosh PandeyDirector & Senior Consultant

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Dr. Biswajyoti HazarikaDirector- Surgical Oncology (Head & Neck)

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Dr. Subhash Jangid Senior Consultant

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Dr. Veena Bhat Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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Dr. Vipul Nanda Consultant - Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery

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Dr. Rohit MehtaHead of Department, Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation

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Dr. Inder Mohan ChughAssociate Director & HOD - Interventional Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

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Dr. Manoj KhanalSenior Consultant Neurology

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Dr. Vineeta GoelAssociate Director, Radiation Oncology

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Dr. Mannu BhatiaConsultant - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

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Dr. Naresh Kumar GoyalAssociate Director & HOD - Cardiology(Clinical & Research)

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Dr. Naveen BhamriHead of Department & Associate Director Interventional Cardiology

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Dr. Monisha GuptaConsultant - Gynae Oncology

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Dr. Vineet Govinda GuptaAssociate Consultant - Oncology

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Dr. Harsh WardhanSenior Consultant - Paediatric Surgery

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Dr. Yogesh ChhabraConsultant - Nephrology & Renal Transplantation

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Dr. Raju EaswaranSenior Consultant - Orthopaedics & Sports Injury

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Dr. Archit PanditConsultant - Surgical Oncology

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Dr. Rakesh K. DuaDirector & Head - Neurosurgery(Spine & Brain)

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Dr. Nikhil AgnihotriSenior Consultant

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Dr. Anil Kumar VarshneyDirector & HOD - Urology

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Dr.(Col.) Ranga Rao RangarajuDirector - Medical Oncology

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Dr. Rudra Prasad AcharyaMS(General surgery), Fellow(Surgical Oncology ft Colorectal Surgery), Sr. Consultant ft Head

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Dr. Gaurav DixitConsultant - Medical Oncology, Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant

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