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Skin Cancer - Melanoma

Melanoma is a kind of skin cancer that can spread to other organs in the body. Men are at more risk of developing this cancer, while women rarely get it.

Melanoma often spreads to:

  • Tissue under the skin
  • Lymph nodes
  • Lungs
  • Liver
  • Brain

Although in most of the cases metastatic melanoma can’t be cured, timely treatments can help you live longer and better. Doctors have new therapies that have significantly increased survival rates.

What Causes Melanoma Skin Cancer?

  • Age The more aged you are, the more you are at risk to develop non-melanoma skin cancer. Skin cancer can occur in younger individuals as well.
  • Frequent Sun Exposure Exposure to the sun causes most skin cancers. This might be long haul exposure, or brief times of excessive sun exposure and burn. The bright light in daylight harms the DNA in the skin cells. This harm can happen a very long time before cancerous cells develop.
  • History of Skin Cancer Individuals who have just had skin cancer are at more serious risk of getting another as compared with somebody who hasn't had one. Specialists think this is doubtlessly a direct result of sun exposure. You should conceal in the sun and pay particular attention to any indications.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Melanoma Skin Cancer?

In case your melanoma has spread to different regions, you may have:

  • Solidified bumps under your skin
  • Swollen or excruciating lymph nodes
  • Trouble in breathing, or a cough that doesn't leave
  • Swelling of your liver or loss of hunger
  • Bone pain or broken bones
  • Cerebral pains or seizures
  • Weakness in your arms or legs
  • Unexplained weight reduction
  • Exhaustion

How is Melanoma Skin Cancer Diagnosed?

  • Fine Needle Aspiration:

    A diagnosis of melanoma skin cancer usually is made by fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of affected region. The sample tissue can be extracted even after the lump has been removed. Patients in whom the aftereffects of an FNA biopsy (or histopathology) are suggestive of MTC, ought to be additionally assessed with evaluation of the calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in the blood, which is usually found in patients with MTC. These tests are essential to affirm the diagnosis of MTC which can help in planning the treatment. The sample removed amid the biopsy is then analysed by a pathologist who decides whether it is a skin tumour. A pathologist is a specialist who spends significant time in deciphering lab tests and assessing cells, tissues, and organs to analyse illness.

    Your specialist will audit the aftereffects of the biopsy with you. No further treatment past the biopsy might be necessary if the whole tumour was removed. Nonetheless, if tumour cells were found in the margins of the removed tissue, further treatment will be suggested.

    Often, skin cancer can be distinguished by taking a good look at your skin, yet the best way to precisely determine melanoma is to have a biopsy. In this strategy, all or part of the suspicious mole or development is expelled, and a pathologist dissects the example.

    Biopsy methods used to analyse melanoma include:

    • Punch biopsy Amid a punch biopsy, your specialist utilises an apparatus with a round sharp edge. The cutting edge is squeezed into the skin around a suspicious mole, and a round bit of skin is removed.
    • Excisional biopsy In this technique, the whole mole or growth is removed alongside a small border of normal appearing skin.
    • Incisional biopsy With an incisional biopsy, only the most unpredictable piece of a mole or growth is taken for research facility investigation.

How is Melanoma Skin Cancer Treated?

  • Surgery Surgery is the most widely recognised treatment for melanoma, anyway its purpose shifts relying upon how far the cancer has advanced. For early stage melanoma, a biopsy might be all that is required i.e. evacuation of the tumour by extracting it . A wide local extraction may likewise be required, where the skin encompassing the melanoma is removed to decrease the danger of repeat of the melanoma at that site. This might be compelling by keeping neighboring melanocytes from advancing into melanoma.
  • Radiation Radiation treatment utilises x- rays to slaughter disease cells by harming their DNA. Typical cells can repair harm to their DNA, yet malignancy cells are less ready to do this and along these lines kick the bucket. The dead tumor cells are then separated and killed by the body's common procedures.
  • Targeted Drug Therapy Targeted treatment targets the specific genes, proteins, or the environment that adds to the growth and survival of the cancer cells. This kind of therapy hinders the development and spread of growth cells while restricting harm to healthy cells.
  • Immunotherapy Immunotherapy is a treatment that enables your immune system to kill cancerous cells. A robust immune system enables the body to battle germs and affliction. However, it is often unable to detect the dangerous nature of cancer cells. There is an FDA-approved immunotherapy medicine for pancreatic cancer patients with certain hereditary changes. Most immunotherapy drugs for skin malignancy are in clinical preliminaries
  • Chemotherapy Chemotherapy is the use of highly concentrated medications to obliterate skin carcinoma. It works by destroying the cells' ability to multiply.

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Hospitals

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Indraprastha Apollo

Apollo Hospitals is widely recognized as the pioneer of private healthcare in India, and was the country`s first corporate hospital. The Apollo Hospitals Group,

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Fortis Hospital

Fortis Flt. Lt. RajanDhall Hospital, VasantKunj, New Delhi, is a 200 bed NABH certified multi-speciality tertiary care hospital. Spread over 1,50,000 sq. ft...

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Metro Hospital

With a vision to provide the utmost level of healthcare to the common man, at the most affordable cost,Dr. Purshotam Lal....

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BLK Hospital

Dr. B L Kapur, an eminent Obstetrician and Gynaecologist, set up a Charitable Hospital in 1930 at Lahore. In 1947, he moved to post-partition India...

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Action Cancer Hospital

Action Cancer Hospital, founded by Lala Mange Ram Aggarwal, is the first state-of-the-art cancer care hospital in the heart of West Delhi.

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Denvax Clinics

DENVAX is dendritic cell based cancer immunotherapy.

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Artemis Hospital

Sector 51, Gurgaon 122001 Haryana, India

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Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

Okhla Road, New Delhi - 110 025 (INDIA)

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Max Superspeciality Hospital Saket

Press Enclave Road, Mandir Marg, Saket, New Delhi 110017 India

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Columbia Asia

Block F, GolChakkar, Palam Vihar, Gurgaon, Haryana 122 017

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Gurgaon

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Medanata The Medicity

CH Baktawar Singh Road, Sector 38, Gurugram, Haryana 122001

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Paras Hospitals Gurgaon

C-1, SushantLok-1, Sector-43, Phase-I, Gurugram, Haryana 122002

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Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital

Vasundhara Enclave, Near New Ashok Nagar Metro Station Delhi - 110096 (India)

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Narayana Multispeciality Hospital

Plot Number 3 & 4, Sadaramangala Industrial Area

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Fortis Malar Hospital

Fortis Malar Hospital 52, First Main Road, Gandhi Nagar, Adyar Adyar Chennai 600 020

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Manipal Hospitals

Manipal Hospitals, 98,Opposite, Leela Palace Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560017

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Apollo Hospital

No. 21, Greams Lane 320, Off. Greams Road, Chennai - 600006

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Gleaneagle Global Health city

439, Cheran Nagar, Perumbakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600100

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Seven Hills Hospital

Marol Maroshi Road, Shivaji Nagar JJC, Marol, Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400059

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kokilaben dhirubhai ambani hospital

Rao Saheb, Achutrao Patwardhan Marg, Four Bunglows, Mudran Press Colony, Andheri West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400053

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Wock Hardt Hospital

Wockhardt Towers BandraKurla Complex, Bandra (East) Mumbai 400051 Maharashtra, India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh

C and D Block, Shalimar Place Site, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110088

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Doctors

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Dr. Aloy J MukherjeeBariatric Surgery, General & Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery

Obesity. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Partha Prateem ChoudhuryInterventional Cardiology

Heart Care Institute. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Vinit SuriNeurology

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Indraprastha Apollo, Sarita Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Shuvendu Prosad RoyMBBS, MS-Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Gurinder BediMS, DNB, FRCS, FRCS-ortho

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Jamal A. KhanMBBS MD

Cancer. Hospital - Denvax Clinics, Vasant Vihar, Delhi

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Dr. Hari GoyalDirector : Medical Oncology Unit II

Medical Oncology & Haematology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Monica BambrooHOD : Dermatology & Cosmetology

Dermatology & Cosmetology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Nidhi RawalPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Manjinder SandhuPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. SK RajanHead of Spine Surgery & Associate Director, Neurosurgery

Spine Decompression Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anish GuptaHead & Neck Surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anjana SatyajitDentistry

Dentures. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Arpit JainSenior Consultant

Internal Fixation of Fractures Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashu Kumar JainSr. Consultant

Anaesthesia & Pain Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashutosh ShuklaSr. Consultant

Internal Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. B.K. SinghSenior Surgeon

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Dheeraj KapoorSr. Consultant

Endocrinology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Hitesh GargConsultant Spine Surgeon, Artemis Health Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. I P S OberoiOrthopaedics

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ila GuptaReproductive Medicine

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Kaushal MadanDigestive and Liver Diseases

Gastroenterology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Lakshmi Kant TripathiNephrology & Kidney Transplant

Nephrology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Paritosh S GuptaGeneral & MI Surgery

General & MI Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajesh K. VermaOrthopaedics

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ramdip RayLiver Transplant & GI Surgery

Organ Transplant. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Aditya GuptaAdditional Director – Neurosurgery

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Renu Raina SehgalSenior Consultant

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subodh Chandra PandeDirector - Radiation Oncology and Co-Director - Cyberknife Centre

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Akhil GovilCardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Himanshu GargHead

Respiratory Critical Care & Sleep medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Geeta Baruah Nath Sr. Consultant

Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. S. V. KotwalMS General Surgery

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Indu Bansal AgarwalSenior Consultant - Radiation Oncology

Radiation Oncology . Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sameer KaushalSr. Consultant

Organ Transplant. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Nitin Goel GoelConsultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sanjay SarupPaediatric Orthopaedics & Spine surgery

Pediatric Orthopedics & spine surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Shalabh AgrawalUrologist

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajiv ChhabraSr. Consultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sonu Balhara AhlawatSenior Consultant

Reproductive Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. T K ThusooSenior Surgeon

General & MI Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Shashidhar TBHead and Neck surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Vikram Barua KaushikAssociate Urologist

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sumit SinghDirector

. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Viresh MahajanDirector - Pediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sumeet AgarwalHead

Rheumatology & Clinical Immunology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Noaline SinhaSr. Consultant

Nuclear Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Durgatosh PandeyDirector & Senior Consultant

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Biswajyoti HazarikaDirector- Surgical Oncology (Head & Neck)

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subhash Jangid Senior Consultant

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Veena Bhat Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Vipul Nanda Consultant - Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rohit MehtaHead of Department, Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation

Fractures. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Inder Mohan ChughAssociate Director & HOD - Interventional Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Bronchoscopy Procedure. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Manoj KhanalSenior Consultant Neurology

Back and Neck Pain. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Vineeta GoelAssociate Director, Radiation Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Mannu BhatiaConsultant - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Naresh Kumar GoyalAssociate Director & HOD - Cardiology(Clinical & Research)

Cardiology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Naveen BhamriHead of Department & Associate Director Interventional Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Monisha GuptaConsultant - Gynae Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Vineet Govinda GuptaAssociate Consultant - Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Harsh WardhanSenior Consultant - Paediatric Surgery

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Yogesh ChhabraConsultant - Nephrology & Renal Transplantation

Kidney Transplant. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Raju EaswaranSenior Consultant - Orthopaedics & Sports Injury

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Archit PanditConsultant - Surgical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rakesh K. DuaDirector & Head - Neurosurgery(Spine & Brain)

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Nikhil AgnihotriSenior Consultant

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Anil Kumar VarshneyDirector & HOD - Urology

Urology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr.(Col.) Ranga Rao RangarajuDirector - Medical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rudra Prasad AcharyaMS(General surgery), Fellow(Surgical Oncology ft Colorectal Surgery), Sr. Consultant ft Head

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Gaurav DixitConsultant - Medical Oncology, Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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