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Small-cell Carcinoma Treatment

Small cell carcinoma is otherwise called "oat-cell" cancer in light of the fact that the cells look like oats under the microscope. It often begins in the bronchi, then rapidly develops and spreads to different parts of the body, including the lymph nodes. This kind of lung disease happens in 20% of the population. Tobacco smoking regularly causes the small cell lung cancer.

Small cell lung carcinoma is divided into two types:

  • Small cell carcinoma (oat cell disease)
  • Combined small cell carcinoma

What are the Risk Factors for Small-Cell Carcinoma?

People who smoke are at the highest risk of developing small cell carcinoma. About all individuals who are diagnosed with this type of cancer are smokers. The risk of developing small cell carcinoma is proportionate to the number of cigarettes you smoke every day and the number of years you have been a smoker. This also applied to those who smoke too many cigarettes consistently.

As opposed to the widespread belief, smoking low-tar or "light" cigarettes doesn't bring down your risk of developing lung malignancy. Menthol cigarettes may enhance your risk of getting lung disease cancer.

What are the Symptoms of Small Cell Carcinoma?

Symptoms of SCLC include:

  • Hoarseness or rough cough
  • Changes in cough pattern
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Pneumonia
  • Coughing up blood
  • Loss of appetite
  • Pain or difficulty swallowing
  • Swelling in the face or neck veins
  • Long-term chest infections
  • Chest pain or discomfort when breathing
  • High-pitched sound upon inhalation
  • Excess fluid in the lungs or heart

How is Small Cell Carcinoma Diagnosed?

A specialist will initially conduct a physical examination, examine the individual's history, and take blood, urine, or tissue tests if required. A chest X-ray might be considered.

A biopsy, where cells are removed from the lungs to be analysed by pathologists, may likewise be performed.

The most commonly utilised biopsy is fine needle aspiration, a nonsurgical alternative where general anaesthesia is utilised.

Once cancer has been diagnosed conclusion has been made, the stage of the disease must be examined to choose the best treatment plan.

Tests used to decide small cell carcinoma include:

  • CT scan of abdominal area and pelvis
  • Bone output scan
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • PET scan
  • X-ray of brain
  • Advance biopsy

What Treatment Options are Available for Small Cell Carcinoma?

Four kinds of surgeries are used to treat small cell cancer:

  • Wedge Resection In this method, surgery to remove a small cell tumour and a portion of the encompassing tissue is conducted. When a marginally bigger measure of tissue is removed, it is known as a segmental resection.
  • Lobectomy This procedure might be conducted to remove a peripheral carcinoid tumour (one that is situated at the edge of the lungs). One flap of the lung is removed so that a tumour does not spread to the other lung.
  • Pneumonectomy Surgery to remove one entire lung is performed. This is done in the case when there is no chance to save the lung from cancerous issue.
  • Sleeve resection Surgery to remove some portion of the bronchus is doen. This medical procedure is conducted to remove a lung tumour in a lobe of the lung and a part of the main bronchus. The end of the bronchus are rejoined and any remaining flaps are reattached to the bronchus. This medical procedure is done to spare a part of the lung.
  • Radiation Radiation treatment is a cancer treatment that uses high-energy x-rays or different sorts of radiation to kill cancer cells or stop them from developing. There are two sorts of radiation treatment. Outer radiation treatment uses a machine outside the body to send radiation toward the cancerous mass. Inner radiation treatment uses a radioactive substance sealed in needles, seeds, wires, or catheters that are explicitly placed into or close to the cancerous tissue.
  • Chemotherapy Chemotherapy drugs are typically injected into a vein. It is one of the most effective methods to kill the cancerous tissue. Doctors prefer to give chemotherapy must using a Hickman line, a tube going into a more prominent vein in the chest which is left in place.
  • Targeted Therapy Targeted therapy uses concentrated drugs or different substances to attack cancerous lung cells. Targeted treatments cause less damage to healthy cells than chemotherapy or radiation treatment do. Monoclonal antibodies and small molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors are the two fundamental kinds of targeted therapies being used in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

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Hospitals

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Indraprastha Apollo

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Fortis Hospital

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Metro Hospital

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BLK Hospital

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Action Cancer Hospital

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Denvax Clinics

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Artemis Hospital

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Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

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Max Superspeciality Hospital Saket

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Columbia Asia

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Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

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Medanata The Medicity

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Paras Hospitals Gurgaon

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Dharamshila Narayana Superspeciality Hospital

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Narayana Multispeciality Hospital

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Fortis Malar Hospital

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Manipal Hospitals

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Apollo Hospital

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Gleaneagle Global Health city

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Seven Hills Hospital

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Wock Hardt Hospital

Wockhardt Towers BandraKurla Complex, Bandra (East) Mumbai 400051 Maharashtra, India

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Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh

C and D Block, Shalimar Place Site, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi, Delhi 110088

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Doctors

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Dr. Aloy J MukherjeeBariatric Surgery, General & Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery

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Dr. Partha Prateem ChoudhuryInterventional Cardiology

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Dr. Vinit SuriNeurology

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Dr. Shuvendu Prosad RoyMBBS, MS-Orthopaedic Surgery

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Gurinder BediMS, DNB, FRCS, FRCS-ortho

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, Delhi

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Dr. Jamal A. KhanMBBS MD

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Dr. Hari GoyalDirector : Medical Oncology Unit II

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Dr. Monica BambrooHOD : Dermatology & Cosmetology

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Dr. Nidhi RawalPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Manjinder SandhuPaediatric Cardiology

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. SK RajanHead of Spine Surgery & Associate Director, Neurosurgery

Spine Decompression Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anish GuptaHead & Neck Surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Anjana SatyajitDentistry

Dentures. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Arpit JainSenior Consultant

Internal Fixation of Fractures Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashu Kumar JainSr. Consultant

Anaesthesia & Pain Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Ashutosh ShuklaSr. Consultant

Internal Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. B.K. SinghSenior Surgeon

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Dheeraj KapoorSr. Consultant

Endocrinology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Hitesh GargConsultant Spine Surgeon, Artemis Health Institute, Gurgaon, Haryana

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. I P S OberoiOrthopaedics

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Dr. Ila GuptaReproductive Medicine

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Dr. Kaushal MadanDigestive and Liver Diseases

Gastroenterology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Lakshmi Kant TripathiNephrology & Kidney Transplant

Nephrology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Paritosh S GuptaGeneral & MI Surgery

General & MI Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajesh K. VermaOrthopaedics

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Dr. Ramdip RayLiver Transplant & GI Surgery

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Dr. Aditya GuptaAdditional Director – Neurosurgery

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Renu Raina SehgalSenior Consultant

Obesity. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subodh Chandra PandeDirector - Radiation Oncology and Co-Director - Cyberknife Centre

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Akhil GovilCardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

Cardiology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Himanshu GargHead

Respiratory Critical Care & Sleep medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Geeta Baruah Nath Sr. Consultant

Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. S. V. KotwalMS General Surgery

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Indu Bansal AgarwalSenior Consultant - Radiation Oncology

Radiation Oncology . Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sameer KaushalSr. Consultant

Organ Transplant. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Nitin Goel GoelConsultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sanjay SarupPaediatric Orthopaedics & Spine surgery

Pediatric Orthopedics & spine surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Shalabh AgrawalUrologist

Urology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rajiv ChhabraSr. Consultant

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Sonu Balhara AhlawatSenior Consultant

Reproductive Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. T K ThusooSenior Surgeon

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Dr. Shashidhar TBHead and Neck surgeon

ENT. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Vikram Barua KaushikAssociate Urologist

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Dr. Sumit SinghDirector

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Dr. Viresh MahajanDirector - Pediatric Cardiology

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Dr. Sumeet AgarwalHead

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Dr. Noaline SinhaSr. Consultant

Nuclear Medicine. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Durgatosh PandeyDirector & Senior Consultant

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Biswajyoti HazarikaDirector- Surgical Oncology (Head & Neck)

Oncology. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Subhash Jangid Senior Consultant

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Veena Bhat Obstetrics & Gynaecology

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Dr. Vipul Nanda Consultant - Cosmetic & Plastic Surgery

Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery. Hospital - Artemis Hospital, Gurugram Haryana

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Dr. Rohit MehtaHead of Department, Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation

Fractures. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Inder Mohan ChughAssociate Director & HOD - Interventional Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Bronchoscopy Procedure. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Manoj KhanalSenior Consultant Neurology

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Dr. Vineeta GoelAssociate Director, Radiation Oncology

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Dr. Mannu BhatiaConsultant - Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement

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Dr. Naresh Kumar GoyalAssociate Director & HOD - Cardiology(Clinical & Research)

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Dr. Naveen BhamriHead of Department & Associate Director Interventional Cardiology

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Dr. Monisha GuptaConsultant - Gynae Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Vineet Govinda GuptaAssociate Consultant - Oncology

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Dr. Harsh WardhanSenior Consultant - Paediatric Surgery

Paediatric Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Yogesh ChhabraConsultant - Nephrology & Renal Transplantation

Kidney Transplant. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Raju EaswaranSenior Consultant - Orthopaedics & Sports Injury

Orthopedics Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Archit PanditConsultant - Surgical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rakesh K. DuaDirector & Head - Neurosurgery(Spine & Brain)

Neurological Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Nikhil AgnihotriSenior Consultant

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Anil Kumar VarshneyDirector & HOD - Urology

Urology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr.(Col.) Ranga Rao RangarajuDirector - Medical Oncology

Oncology. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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Dr. Rudra Prasad AcharyaMS(General surgery), Fellow(Surgical Oncology ft Colorectal Surgery), Sr. Consultant ft Head

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Dr. Gaurav DixitConsultant - Medical Oncology, Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant

Bone Marrow. Hospital - Max Super Speciality Hospital Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

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