Carpal tunnel syndrome is a medical condition arising from compression of the median nerve when it travels through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.
Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome may include numbness, tingling, and pain in the thumb and index, middle, and ring fingers. Occasional shock-like sensations along with weakness and clumsiness in the hand; making it difficult to perform fine movements such as buttoning the clothes and dropping things. In the majority of the cases, the symptoms begin gradually without any specific injury. As the situation worsens, symptoms occur more frequently or may persist for longer periods of time. Many a times, symptoms get aggravated during the night or even during the day when the wrist is kept in the same position like when talking on the phone.
Numerous patients find that moving or shaking their hands relieve them of their symptoms like pain and numbness. Despite it being a gradual process, for the majority of the people with carpal tunnel syndrome, the symptoms are bound to get worse with time if left untreated. Consequently, it is imperative to be assessed and diagnosed by the physician early on. In the early stages, it may be possible to slow down or even stop the progression of the disease.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Treatment in India is usually recommended as, without surgery, the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome can often get relieved, if diagnosed and treated early. Also, it is recommended if the diagnosis is uncertain or if the symptoms are mild, and does not necessarily require surgical intervention. Non-surgical treatment includes wearing a splint or brace to reduce the pressure on the median nerve by helping in keeping the wrist in the straight position. Administering nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as can help relieve pain and inflammation. Sometimes change in certain types of activities which requires the hand and wrist to be in the same position for long periods of time helps
In some cases, this also includes making changes to your type of job, change in work location or even works station. A steroid injection like corticosteroid acts as a powerful anti-inflammatory agent and may relieve symptoms for some period of time.
Some patients may benefit from exercises that help the median nerve move more freely within the confinement of the carpal tunnel.
If nonsurgical treatment does not relieve your symptoms, the surgeon may recommend for a surgery. This decision is based on the severity of the symptoms of pain and numbness. Also, in chronic cases with wasting of thumb muscles, surgery may be recommended and required to prevent irreversible damage.
The surgical procedure performed for carpal tunnel syndrome is called a “carpal tunnel release.” The goal of the surgery is to relieve pressure on the median nerve by cutting the ligament that forms the roof of the tunnel. This further leads to an increase in the size of the tunnel and decreases pressure on the median nerve.