India is the most preferred cancer treatment destination. There is a wide range of services which are provided by the best hospitals in India for the treatment of lung cancer.
What is Lung Cancer?
Uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both the lungs is known as lung cancer. These cells grow and form a mass or a tumor and can also spread to other parts of the body if not treated well. This disturbs the normal functioning of the lungs and leads to the development of symptoms such as pain in the chest, difficult respiration, and dyspnoea. It is the major cause of death in both men and women.
Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. People who live and work with the smokers are at an increased risk as they take in the smoke passively. Other causes which increase the risk of lung cancer are,
- Family history
- Chronic lung disease like tuberculosis
- Exposure to radon
- And metals like cadmium, arsenic, and chromium
Types of Lung Cancer
The tumor in lung cancer is of two types,
Benign tumor: These are the localized growths and cause a problem if they put pressure on the nearby tissues.
Malignant tumor: These are the dangerous tumors which invade the surrounding body tissues. They spread by the following ways,
- Invasion: The cancer cells move all over the body by blood and lymphatic system, thereby destroying the healthy tissue.
- Angiogenesis: the cancer cell divides itself and makes the new blood vessels to feed it.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
As the lungs are involved in the respiration, the major symptoms are those of a disturbed respiratory system.
- Constant pain in the chest
- Coughing up of blood
- Shortness of breath
- A longtime cough, getting worse
- Loss of voice
- Swelling in neck and face
- Loss of appetite
- Loss of weight without trying
- Fatigued feeling
Taking a note of all the symptoms and advising the investigation is what is required from a good oncologist for an early treatment. There are best hospitals in India for the treatment of lung cancer, and the most dedicated team of doctors, who make it possible.
At early stages, lung cancer has no symptoms and therefore is difficult to diagnose. As advised by the oncologists on observing the symptoms and history the diagnostic tests include,
- Sputum test: The cells in the sputum or the phlegm are tested to detect the presence of any cancer cells.
- Chest X-ray
- CT scan
- PET scan
- Surgical lung biopsy
As early detection is a key to better treatment, therefore guidance of a good physician with an updated knowledge of the same is very essential. Healthcare infrastructure in India is very wide and advanced. The hospitals are equipped with latest instruments and diagnostic techniques.
Lung Cancer Treatment
Lung cancer treatment depends totally on the size of the tumor and on the stage of cancer. Early detection of cancer is very difficult unless it comes up in a diagnostic test for any other problem. It is usually detected in the advanced stages as the symptoms show up late.
The various types of lung cancer treatment are,
- Surgery: the surgery for lung cancer is performed in three following ways,
- Segmentectomy: only a segment from a lobe of the lung is removed, which is affected by cancer. It is effective only in early stages of cancer.
- Lobectomy: this is a most commonly performed surgery and involves removal of a lobe or a section of a lung. This surgery is done when the cancer is confined to just a lobe or one portion of lung.
- Pneumonectomy: this procedure involves removal of entire one lung. The patient can breathe well with a single lung.
3. Radiation therapy
5. Photodynamic therapy
6. Targeted therapies
Increasing cost of healthcare facilities makes proper treatment beyond the reach of a common man. India having a wide healthcare infrastructure and top class physicians and oncologists is the most preferred destination for treatment of lung cancer.
Lung cancer treatment in India has increased due to its low cost and affordable medical facilities even foreign natives are undergoing treatment in India thus, India becoming most sought destination for cancer treatments.