Located on the right side behind the rib cage, Liver is one of the most important organs of human body. The main function of liver is to filter the blood coming from the digestion tract before it passes to the rest of the body. The liver also metabolizes drugs and detoxifies the chemicals. It also secretes bile juice that is stored in gallbladder and also synthesizes proteins which are important for blood clotting. So, it goes without saying that a damaged liver can cause multiple problems in the body.
A significant rise in the patients with liver diseases is a serious matter of concern for the society and medical health care providers alike. Some of the most common liver problems include Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Liver Cancer, Liver Failure, Ascites, Hemochromatosis amongst others. In critical condition of these diseases a liver transplantation is often encouraged.
A hepatic transplant or a liver transplant is a major surgical procedure in which the damaged liver is replaced with the healthy liver. A patient undergoes liver transplant in the end stages of liver diseases or because of acute liver failure.
An ideal patient seeking liver transplant is someone who is either suffering from a prolonged liver diseases and a transplant is the only option left, or patients with acute liver failure. However, before undergoing liver transplantation, the patient and his family members should be completely sure of the fact that the transplantation will make the condition of the person better and it will not do any harm to the person. If the patient has an alcoholic liver disease and has not been able to abstain himself from alcohol consumption from past six months or has a serious infection or a heart or lung disease, liver transplantation is not recommended in such cases.
There are two types of donors for liver transplantation:
Deceased Donor: A significant number of liver transplants are successful because of the gems that donate their organs upon dying. Usually, entire liver of the deceased is used for the transplant especially for adult recipients. Once the liver is removed from the deceased donor, it is packed and transported to the recipient. It should be transplanted within 12 to 18 hours.
Living Donor: Any person from the family or friends of the recipient can donate a part of the liver.
The surgery of liver transplantation is a major surgery which is done on a general anesthesia. It takes about 5-6 hours depending upon the severity of the patient’s case. There are three types of liver transplant surgeries:
Orthotopic Transplantation: The entire diseased liver of the recipient is replaced with the healthy liver of the donor.
Heterotopic Transplantation: It is a surgery wherein the healthy liver is attached to another site while the diseased part of the liver is left intact. It is done when the surgeons believe that the diseased liver will recover.
Reduced-size Liver Transplantation: This type of liver transplantation is usually done when a part of a liver from a living person is being transplant or the recipient is a child.
Once the surgery is complete, the patient is required to visit 1-2 times a week for at least three months for follow-up checkups. A proper balanced diet with a few dietary restrictions must be followed strictly to ensure fast healing without any complications. Certainly, there are many advantages of liver transplants, the first and foremost is that the patient gets a new healthy life after battling with the prolonged liver disease. Although the post-surgery period is taxing, but the anti-allergic and anti-rejection medicines are taken to ease the process.
Liver Transplantation In India
An emerging health tourism destination, India is one of the major centers of organ transplantations. Liver transplantation in India is performed by the expert surgeons at the technologically sound hospitals with the patient-centric staff. The liver transplant cost in India is also very less in comparison with other developed nations which makes India a most preferred destination. There are many super specialty hospitals in India that cater to the patients looking for liver transplantations. Not only the domestic patients, but also the medical tourists are treated with extreme care and given the best possible medical care when they visit India for their treatment. However, it is advisable for the novice medical tourists to get expert consultation from the medical tourism service providers to ensure a hassle-free treatment and stay in India.